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on to look into the future amid urban life, and the other is to look back
on rural history – it’s our past,” he says, adding that this contradiction – resisting urban
ization while at the same time embracing progress – has driven the emergence of modern thought and di
scourse, which has become the internal motivation for change in art, literature and philosophy.
Ethnic Tibetan writer A Lai, famous for his novel Settling Dust, which was also published und
er the title Red Poppies, says many of the writers today still depict rural life as they imagine it, rather than ob
serving and reflecting on it by honestly facing the challenges posed by globalization.
“We should be aware that many of the problems facing Chinese farmers and villagers today are universal,” he says.